- By Tammy, Thai Intel’s humanity journalist
A coalition against impunity, have sent Thailand’s prime minister, Yingluck a letter, urging her, to lead Thailand, into ratifying the Rome Stature of the International Criminal Court.
The move comes after a Pheu Thai Party MP, Sunai, in Thailand with a representative of the ICC, urged Yingluck, to grant the ICC representative, to collect data in Thailand, relating to the Abhisit government, crackdown on the Red Shirts protesters, about 2 years ago, that resulted in about 100 civilian deaths.
A few months after the crack down, in a long process of gathering data, supported by many military analysts, a case was presented to the ICC against the Abhisit government.
Of the about 100 killed civilians, there is about 10 cases that police have “Concrete” evidence of what occurred. Of that, all evidence points to the Thai military, under orders from the Thai government, that is responsible.
Abhisit’s and his security chief, have blamed the killings on mysterious Black Shirts, and have said that the order for the crackdown, came from Abhisit’s security chief, and nothing to do with Abhisit or the Thai military.
Abhisit and his security chief, maintains that the crackdown was conducted under the emergency decree, which absolves them of all responsibilities.
Subsequently, new evidence have emerged, reported in the local press, that the mysterious, Black Shirts, were working for senior police, who are close to a Thai political party, that defected from Thaksin, to make it possible to form the Abhisit’s government, inside a military camp.
Again, Sunai, earlier, held a press conference, with the ICC representative, saying that because Abhisit has a dual citizenship, proved by facts that he actively resisted to vote several times in the UK, that all the ICC needs to investigate Abhisit, is for Yingluck, to grant the ICC permission to work in Thailand, even without Thailand joining the ICC.
The following is from Barnacles:
GLOBAL COALITION CALLS ON THAILAND TO JOIN THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
Monday, 07 May 2012 19:11
Civil Society Says Government Should Prioritize Ratification of Rome Statute
New York, USA / Bangkok, Thailand—The Coalition for the International Criminal Court called on Thailand to demonstrate its commitment to the global fight against impunity by acceding to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC)—the world’s first permanent international court able to prosecute war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Thailand is a focus of the Coalition’s Universal Ratification Campaign (URC) for May 2012, a campaign launched to call upon different countries each month to join the Rome Statute—the ICC’s founding treaty.
In a letter dated 2 May 2012 to Thai Prime Minister H.E. Ms. Yingluck Shinawatra, the Coalition urged the government of Thailand to move forward with the ratification process of the Rome Statute. “While the Asia-Pacific region continues to be under-represented before the ICC, it is encouraging to see that among the latest ratifications to the Statute are the countries of the Philippines, Maldives and Vanuatu,” said Brigitte Suhr, director of Regional Programs for the Coalition. “These recent ratifications are an important signal of Asia’s growing commitment to the system of international justice enshrined in the Rome Statute, and we encourage Thailand to join the trend in the near future.”
“Thailand, as a leading country in the ASEAN, has been trying its best to comply with its human rights obligations,” said Evelyn Balais-Serrano, the Coalition’s coordinator for Asia-Pacific. “By ratifying the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, its new government would be showing its commitment to ending impunity and pursuing a direction towards adherence to justice and the rule of law.”
The Coalition acknowledged the recent initiatives to raise awareness about the Rome Statute in the Thai parliament, as well as among government officials and civil society. Seminars, lectures and other ICC activities have been held in the last two years, including civil society’s participation in the Assembly of States Parties in New York in December 2011. Events are being organized this year in commemoration of the 10 year anniversary of the coming into force of the Rome Statute, including visits to the ICC headquarters in The Hague by members of the parliament.
“As members of civil society, it is our strong desire to see Thailand as part of the international community that promotes justice and works for respect for human rights,” expressed Chalida Tajaroensuk, director of People Empowerment Foundation, an NGO advocating for human rights in Thailand and in Asia. “We call on our government to ratify and implement all important international human rights treaties, including the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. With the ICC, we want an end to impunity and to prevent similar conflicts that took place in our recent history from happening again.”
The Coalition also recalled Thailand’s participation in the Rome Conference and its subsequent steps toward ratification by signing the Rome Statute in 2000. In recognition of some legal challenges that have surfaced with regards to compatibility between the Rome Statute and Thai domestic legislation, the Coalition calls on Thailand to assess these concerns carefully and consider drawing examples from states parties that have successfully addressed similar compatibility issues.
To date, 121 states worldwide have joined the Rome Statute, Guatemala being the most recent. While the past two years have been witness to increased participation from Asian states within the Court—Bangladesh ratified in March 2010, the Philippines in August 2011, Maldives in September 2011 and Vanuatu in December 2011—the Asia-Pacific region still remains underrepresented at the ICC, with only nine states parties to the Rome Statute from the Asia region, and 17 within the larger Asia-Pacific region. Thailand’s ratification of the Rome Statute would therefore provide an important example to other states in the region.
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